Martin Delany (May 6, 1812 – January 24, 1885) was an African-American abolitionist, journalist, physician, and writer. In 1865, he became the first black line field officer in the U.S. Army and achieved the highest rank an African American would reach during the Civil War. President Abraham Lincoln appointed him major in the infantry in charge of recruiting soldiers for the all-Black unit of the Union Army.
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